Strongest creatures in relation to their size (They carry load 10 to 20 times their body weight).
Can modify their environment – regulate the temperature and humidity within their nests, control airflow, clear pathway and build mounds.
From egg to adult stage takes up to 2-3 months.
Interesting Facts > An Ant brain has about 250000 brain cells. A human brain has 10000 millon so a colony of 40000 ants has collectively the same size as human brain.
There are two common species found in Singapore which are American and German cockroaches.
Cockroach are nocturnal and tend to congregate in corners and generally travel along the edges of wall or other surfaces.
Depending on the species an egg case (ootheca) contains 16-50 eggs.
Interesting Facts > Cockroaches secrete a substance which can result in stains on surfaces they contact and produce disagreeable odors. They are known to carry human pathogens such as salmonella and e. coli which can result in human diseases such as food poisoning and diarrhea.
Three common species in Singapore are Norway Rats, Roof Rats and House Mouse.
They are responsible for the enormous loses by consuming and contaminating vast quantities of food.
A single female mice may produce up to 50 – 58 annually
Interesting Facts > Rodents become sexually mature and able to mate 8-12 weeks of age. After giving birth they can be in heat and become pregnant in as little as 24-48 hrs.
Common snakes found in Singapore are black spitting cobra, Oriental whip snake, Paradise tree Snake, Common wolf snake python
Interesting Facts > In many countries venomous snakes are caught to milked their venom for use to create an anti venom that is used to save the lives of people bitten by snakes.
There are three main mosquitoes species in Singapore which are Aedes, Anopheles and Culex.
Interesting Facts > The female saliva contains an anti coagulant that lets her more easily suck up her meal. The saliva induces an allergic response from her victims immune system; Thats why your skin gets itchy bumps.
The queen termite can produce 20000 offspring each day and can live up to 25 years.
They feed on cellulose found in timber and wood-based products.
Interesting Facts > The soldiers and workers of the termite colony are blind and they work 24 hours non stop. Soldier termites will make clicking sound by knocking their large mandibles on the timber structure if you disturb their activities.
The life cycle of a common bedbug take around 2 months to complete.
One female may lay 200 eggs or more throughout her life.
Interesting Facts > Bedbug can survive without blood meal as long as 6 to 8 months and pose an huge economic burden to hotels and society in general.
Bees / Hornets
The Life span of a honey bees varies on the role of an individual bee within the colony and live with the sophisticated well organised society.
A honey bee colony can contain up to 60000 bees as its peak.
Interesting Facts > Each honey bee colony has unique odour for members identification, and the male honey bees have no stinger.
Detects food by randomly exploration, guided by visual attraction smell and humidity.
Housefly vomit saliva to dissolve solid foods and sucks it back.
Interesting Facts > The fly has 4000 separate lenses in each eye 8000 in all. They provide wide angle vision which is in fact omnidirectional. The female fly may lay as many as 21 batches of offspring each containing up to 130 eggs.